What’s Your Gum Biotype?

Learn about the two general types of gums

Something a lot of people don’t know is that there are two types of gums, also known as “periodontal biotypes”. One type is called thin/scalloped, and the other is thick/flat. However, your gums may not be exactly one type, and may share characteristics of both.

So… let’s get to it! Here are the facts about each gum type, from how they appear to what they’re more susceptible or resistant to.

  1. Thin/scalloped gum type
    These gums tend to appear more triangular than square, and also appears thinner where it meets up with the tooth, resulting in a tapered appearance. This periodontal biotype is unfortunately more at risk for recession, where the gum tissue pulls back from the teeth. But just because you have this gum type doesn’t mean your gums are going to recede. Our Etobicoke dentist recommends you take extra care by always being sure to brush gently using a soft bristled toothbrush, twice a day, and by flossing every day. This will ensure that your gums don’t recede from aggressive cleaning, and will also protect you from gum disease (a condition that will also eat away at healthy gum tissue, leading to recession).
  2. Thick/flat gum type
    This gum type tends to appear more square, rather than triangular. It is also a thicker consistency where it meets up with the tooth, and doesn’t get thinner or have a tapered appearance. Thick/flat gum types are more susceptible to periodontal pocketing – an oral health issue in which the gum tissue detaches from the tooth and forms a pocket or spacing around it. But don’t fret – pocketing is very preventable with adequate daily oral hygiene care. You should also see a hygienist every 6 months to scrape away plaque and tartar that is responsible for periodontal pocketing.

Not all gums are the same…

So, think you have a good idea about what your periodontal biotype is? Feel free to let us know! And remember, no matter what shape or consistency your gums are, you can ensure they stay healthy for life by taking the proper steps daily.


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